Some animal research includes using X-rays in addition to radioactive material. This section discusses the safety precautions X-ray machine operators and individuals assisting authorized users in radiographic procedures with the animals must take to prevent and reduce unnecessary exposure to radiation.
For information about precautions with X-Ray machines in ANY workplace, see Radiation-Generating Machines.
The following personnel are not allowed to support or hold animal patients during X-ray procedure:
- Pregnant women
- Individuals under 18 years of age
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
All personnel required to be in controlled radiographic areas must wear an X-ray protective apron. Optional shielding includes:
- Leaded glasses
- Thyroid collars
Positioning or Supporting Animals
To keep personnel exposure to X-rays to a minimum, no person shall routinely support or hold animals or film during an X-ray. Use the following devices in place of personnel supporting or holding animals:
If personnel must support or hold an animal during an X-ray procedure, then:
- Personnel must ensure all body parts remain out of the useful beam
- Personnel must wear the following PPE to ensure adequate protection from scattered radiation:
- protective gloves
- protective apron