Radiation safety begins with lab directors providing lab-specific training to their personnel regarding occupational risks associated with their specific radionuclides, radiation-generating machines, and procedures. You are required to comply with the appropriate regulations, complete contamination surveys, verify all personnel participate in the Radiation Safety Services (RSS) Dosimetry Program, and, if applicable, inform women about the Declared Pregnant Woman program.
Radiation Safety Service (RSS) provides you with the following support when working with radioactive materials and radiation-generating machines:
- Evaluate safety of the activities and facilities
- Monitor radiation exposures, and assess environmental and personnel doses
- Respond to radiological emergencies and radioactive spills
- Monitor radon
- Recommend monitoring equipment appropriate to the source of radiation
- Apply for regulatory licenses and registrations
- Evaluate laser compliance and safety
- Provide safety training on exposure and contamination control, risk assessment, and instrumentation use
To help authorized users stay in compliance with the rules and regulations regarding radioactive material, RSS provides a standardized program to document authorization to use radioactive materials or radiation-generating machines, record contamination surveys, distribute dosimeters, track radionuclides ordered and used, and ensure users have completed the required training.
Application Forms (RSS-101 Forms)
Individuals who want to become authorized users of radioactive material must complete the following applications. The following forms may be in a downloadable “Word” format so that you can print them for your operation as is, or download and modify them to meet your unique needs. When you click the link it will automatically go to the download file.
- RSS-101 Application for Authorization to Use Radioactive Material
- RSS-101A Statement of Training and Experience
Individuals wanting to use radioactive materials for animal research must also complete the RSS-101 Section 9 Form.
Contamination Surveys (RSS-105 Form)
Authorized users and their lab personnel are responsible for conducting contamination surveys to verify the laboratory is free of radioactive contaminants, documenting and maintaining the contamination survey results, and having the contamination results available to RSS and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission inspectors. Use the following documents to conduct and record contamination surveys.
NOTE: Authorized users may record the results of the contamination survey on the Radioactive Contamination Survey Record or in their own log book.
Radionuclide Procurement and Tracking Form
Authorized users are required to track each radionuclide purchased from time of purchase until the time of disposal. The Radionuclide Receipt, Utilization and Disposal Record Form can be used to track this information.
Training is required by state and federal regulations. Users of radioactive materials must take the Radiation Safety Orientation Course to acquaint them with any associated hazards. In addition, each year after taking the Radiation Safety Orientation course, radioactive material users must take the Annual Refresher Training course to review radiological safety protocols and requirements. After completing the annual training, they must document that they have done so by signing the Annual Refresher Training Acknowledgment Form and filing it in the their authorized user’s Radiation Safety Manual and Records binder.
- Radiation Safety Orientation Course
- Radiation Safety for Health Care Workers
- Annual Refresher Training or download the Radionuclide Users Annual Refresher Training Guide
NOTE: Radioactive material users electing independent review must sign the Annual Refresher Training Acknowledgment Form attesting to having completed the independent review. Authorized users of radioactive materials must retain a copy of the signed acknowledgement sheet for inspection by RSS.
RSS offers customized training for:
- Specifically-required protocols for those individuals using radioactive materials or radiation-generating machines
- X-ray devices and specialized equipment specific or unique to radiological use, such as:
- Analytical X-ray Machine Safety Training
- X-ray Fluoroscopy Safety Training
- Sealed-Source Safety Training
- Radiation Safety Training for Animal Handlers
To schedule specialized training specific to your protocol, contact RSS at (734) 647-1143.
U-M Hospital and Health Centers Training Requirements
U-M Hospitals and Health Centers (UMHHC) personnel participating in procedures involving radiation-generating machines or caring for radioactive patients must take any of the following courses applicable to their job description. These course are available through MLearning:
|RADI-10115: Radiation Safety for Healthcare Workers||Personnel operating or participating in procedures involving radiation-producing machines (i.e., State-regulated sources); examples include x-ray and fluoroscopy.|
|RADI-10260: Radiation Safety for CT Physicians and Staff||Personnel operating or participating in procedures involving computed tomography (CT) machines.|
|RADI-10123: General Radiation Safety||Personnel (primarily nursing) who care for patients containing radioactive material or radioactive sources; also prerequisite for RADI-10119.|
|RADI-10119: Brachytherapy Implants||Personnel participating in brachytherapy, handling brachytherapy sources, or caring for patients containing brachytherapy sources; primary audience is Radiation Oncology.|
For personnel who handle or work with unsealed radioactive materials or sealed sources, the following courses are mandatory and may be scheduled through MyLinc:
|RSS006: Radiation Safety Orientation||Classroom-based training for personnel using, handling, or administering unsealed radioactive materials or sealed sources (i.e., NRC-regulated sources); primary audience is Nuclear Medicine and research personnel.|
|RSS103w: Radiation Safety Annual Refresher||Annual refresher for personnel who are required to attend the Radiation Safety Orientation (RSS006).|
In addition, RSS may develop, conduct, or both specialized radiation safety training based on the specific needs of a department or job function.
Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas formed by the decay of uranium in the earth’s soil and is always present to some degree in the air we breathe. The only known health effect associated with exposure to elevated levels of radon is an increased risk of developing lung cancer. A person’s risk of developing lung cancer depends upon the concentration of radon and the length of time the person is exposed.
RSS provides radon monitoring devices and the technical expertise to evaluate radon levels and mitigation strategies for U-M facilities. For information on this program contact RSS at (734) 647-1143.
Radiation Safety Service (RSS) provides consultation to research and clinical personnel in designing the experimental protocols to ensure radiological safety and regulatory compliance are maintained. Consults include evaluating exposure potentials to prevent, minimize, or eliminate radiological hazards and safety is accomplished through continuous interaction with research and clinical personnel.
The following documents are in place to assist the U-M community with proper handling and use of radioactive materials: