Equipment Hazards

Protecting equipment operators and others from injury from equipment used to move or lift loads, or from equipment with motorized parts, begins with requiring equipment operators to enroll in the Medical Surveillance Program and obtain training and a license or permit to operate the following equipment:

  • Cranes and rigs
  • Permit required equipment
  • Motor vehicles

Machining Tools and Equipment

University of Michigan (U-M) staff and contractors who actively work in machine shops, laboratories, and other U-M facilities with machining tools and equipment must follow the University Standard for safety and administrative controls to ensure a safe and productive work environment.

Cranes & Rigging

Cranes, hoists, and slings are used in U-M buildings across campus to move heavy loads and equipment. To ensure that this equipment is used properly and maintained in a safe manner it is necessary to implement a maintenance, training, and inspection program.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding cranes, hoists, or sling safety, contact EHS at (734) 647-1142 or Danielle Sheen at drsheen@umich.edu.

Standard Operating Procedures, Guidelines, and Manuals

Supplemental Information

EHS

EHS inspects powered cranes and hoists on campus and maintains the inspection records, unless a department elects to develop and manage their own inspection program.

Departments

Departments must:

  • Train all crane, hoist, and sling operators on the specific equipment they will be using
  • Make any necessary repairs to the powered crane or hoist
  • Maintain written documentation of all aspects of the program under their control, including training, inspections, repairs, and maintenance
  • If electing to, develop and manage their own powered crane and hoist inspection program

Operators

Operators of overhead or gantry (“MIOSHA Part 18”) cranes must:

  • Complete both a written and performance test
  • Validate that they meet the necessary physical requirements
  • Obtain an operating permit from EHS

NOTE: The operating permit must be renewed every three years.  Contractors using an overhead or gantry crane must have a valid permit from the University of Michigan (U-M) in order to operate U-M owned equipment.  If not, they must apply for a U-M permit before using an overhead or gantry crane.

Currently, these are the following overhead or gantry cranes at U-M:

  • GG Brown (Structural Engineering room)
  • Michigan Memorial Phoenix Project building (Pool Floor room)
  • Randall Lab (two in Room 1288C), and
  • Central Power Plant

No permit is required for employees who only operate cranes other than overhead or gantry cranes, but similar crane training methods should be followed.

Training Packages

Permit-Required Equipment

The Permit-Required Equipment Program at the U-M refers to owned or leased equipment used for material handling, maintenance, and construction operations, such as

  • An aerial work platform
  • Mobile equipment
  • Powered industrial trucks
  • Tractors

NOTE: The Permit-Required Equipment Program does not apply to equipment used for agricultural operations.

The Program ensures that U-M employees and approved contractors are properly trained to use the permitted equipment safely and appropriately.  EHS issues permits to the following individuals:

  • U-M employees as permitted equipment operators
  • Non-U-M employees using U-M permitted equipment

For more information about permit-required equipment, contact EHS at (734) 647-1142.

Standard Operating Procedures, Guidelines, and Manuals

Permitted Equipment Guideline

Makerspaces

Makerspaces are shops, labs, studios, and other spaces that house sophisticated and potentially hazardous electronic equipment such as 3D printers and laser cutting equipment.  Makerspaces are also potentially hazardous work areas such as soldering stations.

Makerspace safety begins with each makerspace responsible person or lab director (faculty/lab manager/supervisor) developing policies and training regarding machine usage, room access, general rules, and shop user responsibilities.  You are required to write a safety manual complying with
the appropriate regulations, and where necessary, Standard Operating Procedures pertaining to the machine and methods used in your makerspace.

Makerspace Guideline

The Makerspace Guideline ensures that all persons working in your makerspace receive the training required to work safely and in accordance with applicable regulations. Every person working in a makerspace must be familiar with that makerspace’s specific equipment, rules, and procedures.

Standard Operating Procedures, Guidelines, and Manuals

The following documents are also available in the guideline.  They may be required for your makerspace, depending on your type of shop, hazards, equipment, types of machining work and operations, and engineering controls.  These documents are in a downloadable “Word” format so that you can print them for your operation as is, or modify them to meet your unique needs.  When you click the link it will automatically download the applicable file.

For More Information

For more information about makerspace safety, call the EHS main line (734)647-1143 or send an email to EHSLabSafety@umich.edu.

Machine Shops

Machine shop safety begins with each machine shop responsible person or lab director (faculty/lab manager/supervisor) developing policies and training regarding machine usage, room access, general rules, and shop user responsibilities. You are required to write a safety manual complying with the appropriate regulations, and where necessary, Standard Operating Procedures pertaining to the machine and methods used in your machine shop.

Machine Shop Safety for Academic Departments Guideline

The Machine Shop Safety for Academic Departments guideline ensures that all persons working in your machine shop receive the training required to work safely and in accordance with applicable regulations.  Every person working in a machine shop must be familiar with that machine shop’s specific equipment, rules, and procedures.

Standard Operating Procedures and Manuals

The following documents are also available in the guideline. They may be required for your machine shop, depending on your type of shop, hazards, equipment, types of machining work and operations, and engineering controls.  These documents are in a downloadable “Word” format so that you can print them for your operation as is, or modify them to meet your unique needs.  When you click the link it will automatically download the applicable file.

Machine Shop Checklists

For More Information

For more information about machine shop safety, call the EHS main line (734) 647-1143 or send an email to EHSLabSafety@umich.edu.

Motor Vehicle Operators

The Motor Vehicle Operators Program at the U-M manages personnel licensing and medical requirements for all faculty, staff, and students, including contractors, operating designated U-M vehicles with a gross vehicle weight or combination weight 10,001 pounds or more.

The designated U-M vehicles include passenger buses and vehicles used to transport hazardous materials, regardless of the vehicle weight and all commercial motor vehicles.  For more information about operating motor vehicles or the Motor Vehicle Operators Program, contact EHS at (734) 764-1142.

Standard Operating Procedures, Guidelines, and Manuals

Motor Vehicle Operator Guideline

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